CENTRES  

Centre for Management of Environment & Disasters 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Key Projects/Programs Handled

Preparation of a Contingency Plan for Earthquake in Andhra Pradesh.

Flood Impact Minimization Project Khammam. 
(Indo-German Project).


Study of Cyclone Shelters in Andhra Pradesh.

Mock Drills for Hazards

Community Training




Preparation of a Contingency Plan for Earthquake in Andhra Pradesh.

The State Government felt the need for a contingency plan for Earthquake on lines similar to the existing contingency plan for cyclones and Floods. The task was entrusted to this centre and the objectives for this purpose are : 

Awareness regarding the nature and extent of the threats due to earthquakes.

The concept and the issues involved in Earthquake risk management.

To identify different activities involved in Earthquake preparedness.

To develop capacity building for better risk preparedness and mitigation measures to minimize the impact of an Earthquake.

The stakeholders in the mandals and villages likely to face this hazard are now more confident of facing this dreaded event. The officials of the line departments too are confident that they will be able to perform better in the event of earthquake taking place.

Gas well blowout at ONGC well no.19 at Pasarlapudi in East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. 

The event that took place in Jan 1995 caught the media attention world over. The CMED just formed was tasked to conduct a study of this accident with the following aims:

  1. To identify the nature and characteristics of a gas well blow-out event and extent of damage caused to infrastructure, crops, prawn cultivation etc., due to blow-out.

  2. To study the possible pollution of environment both in short and long term.

  3. To study the role and response of Governmental and Non-Governmental agencies in providing relief and rehabilitation.

  4. To study the existing action plans of ONGC in dealing with gas blow-out situations in future and to examine the co-ordination between the ONGC and Civil Administration.

  5. To study the knowledge and awareness of the public in the preparedness for pre and post disaster situations and to suggest measures to improve public awareness.

  6. To suggest suitable strategies and guidelines for combating the problems related to a Gas Blow-out Management.

Fortunately the damages suffered were marginal and people were temporarily inconvenienced due to the sound and heat. The people initially were very concerned but the actions by the ONGC and the civil administration restored their confidence soon.




Flood Impact Minimization Project Khammam. (Indo-German Project).

The Indo-German Project which had started as far back as 1978 has undergone three major Phases. Fourth phase was regarding strengthening of Co-operating Agencies and consolidation and crystallization of active field co-operation among Co-operating Agencies.

During August, 1995, NRSA updated the Project Planning Matrix as a result of which an objective model for Flood Disaster Impact Minimisation was to be developed with Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVIs) selected as narrated below:

Overall accuracy of flood forecast by the model has to be improved to 85% accuracy after 3 years (latest by 1998) at Bhadrachalam and Konavaram.

Advance warning time to be improved to at least 2 hrs prior to the occurrence of the event at Bhadrachalam and Konavaram after 3 years latest by 1998.

To understand the level of people’s participation in future floods a needs assessment study was initiated by the GoAP and CMED was entrusted this responsibility. The study indicated many loopholes in the relief administration for floods in various aspects and the report helped the district administration to improve their systems for better management.




Study of Cyclone Shelters in Andhra Pradesh

The first set of shelters were built immediately after the Divi Seema cyclone in Krishna District in 1977, with additions taking place every year or two under the various schemes formulated by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. The shelters have withstood the onslaught of the cyclones in 1979, 1984, 1987, 1990 and.1996.

While the shelters were used during the cyclones most of the shelters were unused during non-cyclone period and the effects of weather combined with lack of adequate funds for proper repair and maintenance caused the shelters to deteriorate causing a further liability of major repairs to restore them. The present shape and look of some of the shelters has lead to loss of confidence in the public. The condition of shelters dictated that a full review be made to asses the condition of shelters and also take into account, the felt needs of the people.

It was with this aim in view that the Andhra Pradesh Academy of Rural development (APARD) was given the task of the study of Cyclone Shelters in the State. The Objectives of the study were as follows:

Utility of shelters during normal period.

Felt needs of users regarding the adequacy of number of shelters and shortcomings noted in existing shelters.

To find out if maintenance of shelters is carried-out by village committees and problems faced by them

Assess the number of shelters requiring repairs and the nature of repairs to enable the Panchayati Raj Engineering Department to workout the cost involved for all the districts and to prepare a plan of Action.

To assess the adequacy of funds provided for repairs / maintenance and identify the quantum of funds for completing the repairs.

To suggest alternate uses of shelters based on 'B' above.

As a result of the study more shelters are being constructed avoiding the defects reported and their mainteneance is organized in a better way.




Mock Drills for Hazards

In the new approach to disaster management in the country and in the light of the Disaster Management Act 2005 there has been a shift to proactive measures for reducing the losses due to hazards. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been conducting a series of Mock drills for various hazards in different States. In this context such events were organized by them as under:

Floods at Amalapuram, E.G. Dist., during the year 2007. 

Cyclone at Nellore during the year June 2008.

Mass Casualties Evacuation for serial bomb blasts in Secunderabad Railway Station in Nov 2008.   See Pictures

The mock drills have created a new found confidence in the officials dealing with disasters on the one hand and the volunteers who participated in them on the other hand. People who witnessed the event have realized that conducting such drills with their participation was beneficial to them for the future.





Community Training

Conducted ‘Community Awareness in Disaster Preparedness’ in collaboration with Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for 100 villages four districts in A.P. The purpose of this programme was to increase the peoples awareness about preparedness for disasters by the people themselves and thus reduce losses in their villages.



















 

Copyright © 2009, AMR-APARD Govt of AP, India