CENTRES
Centre for Natural Resource Management

Key Programmes/Projects Handled

Comprehensive Land Development Project (CLDP)

Goal & Objective

  1. a. Enhance and diversify livelihood options of the poor centered on comprehensive development of compact blocks of assigned lands and the lands owned by the poor in the tribal regions of the state.
  2. b. Enhance the food , fodder and fuel security of the poor families by improving the productivity of compact blocks of assigned lands and the lands owned by the poor in the tribal regions of the state.

Methodology

  • Identification of SC, ST assigned lands through public participation
  • Providing the technical support
  • Land development

Program Contents

  • Development of lands in a comprehensive manner
  • Intensive treatment with soil and moisture conservation works
  • Provide irrigation facility wherever potential available
  • Encourage horticulture and rain-fed agriculture
  • Development of livestock

How the Program helped

Uncultivable lands was converted into cultivable lands through land leveling, clearance of pebbles, boulders, and bushes.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (Telangana)

Goal & Objective

  1. The primary objective of the scheme is to provide livelihood security to the households in rural areas by providing not less than 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household, whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled and manual work.
  2. Creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihood resource base of rural poor.

Methodology

  1. At the village level the Gram Panchayat shall be the principal authority for planning and implementation of the Scheme. The Gram Panchayat shall be responsible for identification of the works in the Gram Panchayat area as per the recommendations of the Gram Sabha and Ward Sabhas and for executing and supervising such works.
  2. The Panchayat Secretary shall be responsible for receiving applications for registration and for issuance of Job Cards. There shall be a Field Assistant to assist the Panchayat Secretary in maintaining the records and also to assist the Technical Assistants being provided at the Mandal level.
  3. At the Mandal level, the Mandal Parishad shall be the principal authority for planning and implementation of the Scheme. The Mandal Parishad Development Officer shall assist the Gram Panchayats and the Mandal Parishad in carrying out its functions under the Scheme. The Mandal Parishad Development Officer shall be provided with additional support of three Technical Assistants (two from Engineering and one from Agriculture/Horticulture) and one Accountant-cum-Computer Assistant to provide technical support to Gram Panchayats.
  4. There shall be a Programme Officer at each Mandal level. The Programme Officer shall be a full-time dedicated officer and may be taken on deputation. Fresh recruitment may also be made on contract. The Programme Officer has a critical role in coordinating implementation processes at the Mandal-level. He will be responsible for scrutinizing village Employment Guarantee Scheme plans, ensuring that they match works with employment demand that implementing agencies start works on time, that the employment demand is met within time and workers receive their due entitlements. Among his important functions are ensuring the social audit by the Gram Sabha, disposing complaints and grievance redressal. The Programme Officer will assist the Mandal Parishad in its functions under the Scheme. The Programme Officer shall function under the direction, control and superintendence of the District Program Coordinator and will also be accountable to the Mandal Parishad. The Programme Officer shall be assisted by one Accountant-cum-Computer Assistant.
  5. The Mandal Samakhya (federation of the Village Organisations of the poor) will be responsible to mobilize and build capacities of the wage-seekers through the Village Organizations and Self Help Groups to access their rights and entitlements provided under the Scheme. In addition the Mandal Samakhya may assist the Programme Officer in handling Information, Education and Communication activities relating to the Scheme. Mandal Samakhya will be facilitated to engage a Social Organizer to support them in carrying out these functions.
  6. At the District-level, the Zilla Parishad shall be the principal authority for planning and implementation of the Scheme. The Zilla Parishad shall approve the District Employment Guarantee Scheme Plan, which includes the consolidated Mandal Employment Guarantee Scheme plans, its own proposals and project proposals received from other line Departments. It shall also review the programme implementation, supervise and monitor projects taken up at the District and Mandal levels. In Agency Areas, the Governing Body of Integrated Tribal Development Agency shall perform the functions of the Zilla Parishad.
  7. The District Collector shall be the District Program Coordinator for the implementation of the Scheme in the District. There shall be an Employment Guarantee Scheme unit established in the office of the Project Director, District Water Management Agency to assist the District Programme Coordinator. The District Programme Coordinator shall be assisted by the Project Director, District Water Management Agency; Chief Executive Officer, Zilla Parishad; Project Director, District Rural Development Agency and Project Officer, Integrated Tribal Development Agency (in Agency Areas) as Additional District Programme Coordinators. The Project Director, District Water Management Agency shall assist the District Programme Coordinator in overall management of the Scheme. The Chief Executive Officer, Zilla Parishad shall assist the District Programme Coordinator in implementation of the Scheme by the Panchayat Raj Institutions. The Project Director, District Rural Development Agency shall assist the District Programme Coordinator in the mobilization of wage seeking families through the Self-Help Groups of women and their Federations at Village, Mandal and District level. The Project Officer, Integrated Tribal Development Agency shall assist the District Programme Coordinator in the management of the Scheme in the Agency Areas.
  8. At the State level, the Commissioner, Rural Development shall be the State Programme Coordinator. He / She shall be assisted by an Employment Guarantee Scheme unit consisting of a Director and subject specialists and support staff.
  9. The Commissioner, Panchayat Raj shall coordinate the implementation of the Scheme with the Panchayat Raj Institutions.
  10. The Chief Executive Officer, Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty shall ensure the involvement of District Rural Development Agencies in mobilization and capacity building of the wage seeking families through the Self-Help Groups of women and their Federations at the Village, Mandal and District level.
  11. The Commissioner, Aliminati Madhava Reddy � Telangana State Academy of Rural Development, shall provide capacity building support to the Panchayat Raj Institutions and the line Departments.
  12. The Commissioner, Tribal Welfare, shall ensure the involvement of Integrated Tribal Development Agencies in implementation of the Scheme in Agency Areas
  13. The Managing Director, Telangana State Scheduled Castes Cooperative Finance Corporation Limited, shall ensure the involvement of District Scheduled Castes Service Cooperative Societies Limited in enabling the Scheduled Castes households to access their rights and entitlements particularly in development of their lands with irrigation facilities.
  14. State Government shall make rules to carry out the provisions of the Act pertaining to State�s responsibilities under the Section 32 (1) of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005. The State Government shall set up the Employment Guarantee Fund, provide Budget provision for and release the State share, notify Rural Standard Schedule of Rates from time to time, conduct impact assessment and evaluation studies. The State Government shall set up Telangana State State Employment Guarantee Council under Section 12 (1) of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005. The Telangana State State Employment Guarantee Council shall be the advisory body for the purpose of the Telangana State Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. The Chief Minister shall be as Chairman, Minister (Rural Development) as Vice-Chairman, Principal Secretary (Rural Development) as Member Convenor, with fifteen non-officials and eight official members.
  15. Non-Governmental Organizations shall be involved as partners in community mobilization, capacity building, social audit and monitoring of processes relating to rights and entitlements of the workers.

Program Contents

  • Water conservation and water harvesting.
  • Drought proofing (including afforestation and tree plantation).
  • Irrigation canals, including micro and minor irrigation works;
  • Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by households belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or to land of beneficiaries of land reforms or that of the beneficiaries of Indira Awas Yojana program.
  • Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks.
  • Land development.
  • Flood control and protection works, including drainage in water-logged areas.
  • Rural connectivity to provide all-weather access.

How the Program helped (in case of completed projects) Report as on Date 03. 02. 2009

Total No of Districts under EGS 22
Total No of Mandals 1098
Total No of Grampanchayats 21937
Total No of Habitations 69461
Total No of Jobcards Issued 1,12,01,939
Total No of Adult members enrolled in Jobcards Issued 2,51,88,244
  Financial Year of 2008-2009 Cumulative Since Inception
Number 13,35,351 16,59,708
Value-(Rs in Lakhs) 1,32,12,66.61 1,51,54,27.41
Number 4,28,343 -
Value-(Rs in Lakhs 53,20,59.93 -
Number 1,77,337 5,01,7165
Value-(Rs in Lakhs) 16,21,37.17 35,63,22.6
Wages (Rs in Lakhs) 15,80,52.02 37,59,03.16
Material and Skilled Wages(Rs in Lakhs) 4,23,91.36 7,01,97.92
Contingency (Rs in Lakhs) 83,57.74 2,23,73.23
Total (Rs in Lakhs) 20,88,01.12 46,84,74.32
Household (Nos) 54,39,195 71,66,810
Individual (Nos) 94,09,946 1,23,85,180
Men (Nos) 43,40,869 57,20,836
Women (Nos) 50,69,077 66,64,344
SC Individual(Nos) 25,16,824 33,11,332
ST Individual(Nos) 12,52,873 16,26,862
Disabled (Nos) 58,123 76,153
Total No of Person days generated 19,13,36,245 45,68,39,009
Average Wage rate per day per person (Rs.) 82.6 82.28
Average No of days employment provided per Household 35.18 -
Total No of Households completed 100 Days of Wage Employment 3,10,093 7,87,851
Labour Vs Material (%)
81.0718.93
85.92 14.08

Comprehensive Land Development Project (CLDP)

Goal & Objective

Traditionally watershed activities concentrated on water and soil conservation measures. However, integrated watershed management involves not only conservation of natural resources but also efficient and sustainable use of these resources for improving the livelihoods of all the people (landholders and landless) in the watershed

Methodology

The watershed programme will implement through public participation.
Estimations and plans will prepare at village level.
Transparency

Program Contents

  • Ridge Area treatment
  • Drainage line treatment
  • Development of water harvesting structures
  • Nursery raising for fodder, fuel. timber and horticulture species
  • Land development include in-situ soil and moisture conservation measures and drainage management
  • Pasture development, sericulture, bee keeping , backyard poultry
  • Livestock development
  • Fisheries development

How the Program helped

  • Ground water levels increased
  • Production of crops was enhanced
  • Rural migration was controlled
  • Livestock population increased